The Civil War and the Constitution: 1859-1865
By John W. Burgess
2000/05 - Beard Books - Law Classic
A complete portrait of the events, people, and legal issues that arose between 1859 and 1865.
This well-researched work covers the stages and battles of the Civil War, and expounds upon the constitutional issues that arose during the conflict. Broad issues are covered, such as secession, powers of the President, Congressional enabling acts to handle the rebellion, and emancipation of the slave population at the time. This two volume treatise also describes the roles of key individuals in the series of events, such as Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, and Stephen Arnold Douglas. An informative chronology is included. Must reading for students of history and for lawyers.
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John William Burgess (1844–1931) was an American educator and political scientist, Born in Tennessee, he served in the Union army in the Civil War and after the war graduated from Amherst (1867). He was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1869, but did not practice. That same year he joined the faculty of Knox College. In 1871 he went to Germany, where he studied at the universities of Göttingen, Leipzig, and Berlin. He returned in 1873 to teach history and political science at Amherst. In 1876 he began his long association with Columbia; he was professor of political science and constitutional law until 1912. Burgess, with Nicholas Murray Butler, was a major influence in the creation (1880) of a faculty and school of political science, the first such faculty organized for graduate work in the country and the chief step in changing Columbia College into a university. He was dean of the Faculty of Political Science from 1890 until his retirement. In 1906–7 he served as first Roosevelt professor at the Univ. of Berlin. Burgess's fundamental political philosophy was expressed in Political Science and Comparative Constitutional Law (1890–91), the more permanently valuable portions of which were republished as The Foundations of Political Science (1933). He interpreted American history in The Middle Period, 1817–1858, The Civil War and the Constitution, 1859–1865, and Reconstruction and the Constitution, 1866–1876, a trilogy published between 1897 and 1902, to which was added The Administration of Rutherford B. Hayes (1915). In Recent Changes in American Constitutional Theory (1923) he protested against the encroachment of the federal government upon state and individual rights and immunities. He founded the Political Science Quarterly.